Cataract is the term used to describe opacification (or clouding) of the eyes natural lens. As it blocks the light path entering your eye, some common symptoms include: blurred vision, glare, halo and difficulty reading. It is a process which comes with time, and surgery is currently the most effectively form of treatment for this.
Removal of Cataract and Insertion of Artifical Intraocular Lens
What causes cataracts?
Cataract forms with age and is common amongst elderly. Some other causes include medications( steroids), retinal surgery, previous eye trauma, and other genetic/ congenital causes.
How is cataract treated?
Cataract surgery is a safe and highly developed treatment for removing the cloudy cataract and replacing it with an artificial lens. This is done through a very small incision on the clear part of the eye. The incision is so small it usually self-seals and doesn’t require sutures. The vast majority of cataract patients have no complications during or following the surgery.
A full recovery from surgery can range from a short few days to few months. Most patients will see clearer the next day after surgery.
How can surgery help?
Vision impairment due to cataracts can be improved through surgery. The benefits of surgery include:
- Improving your vision.
- Improve the symptoms caused by cataracts
- In some patients, cataract surgery is required to control eye pressure.
Planning your surgery / Procedure
During your comprehensive consultation, our doctors will explain in more detail regarding the condition and what the surgery involves. You will also under precise measurement of the dimensions of your eye. This allows us to determine the best lens to replace the natural lens.
If you wear contact lenses, please ensure you stop using them for 2 weeks (soft lenses) to 4 weeks (hard lenses) before to the eye measurements for the operated eye are made.
If you have had previous laser eye surgery (PRK / LASIK / SMILE) please advise our doctors as this will affect the measurement method and calculations required to select your artificial lens.
Preparing for the surgery?
On the day of surgery, you will first attend the CBD eye clinic to check in and have eye drops in the eye. The eyedrops will dilate the pupil of the eye planned for surgery. When the dilating drops have worked, we will guide you to the operating theaters of Sydney Eye Hospital. Which is just a short walk away.
What happens during the surgery?
The cataract surgery is done under local anaesthesia. It will involve that you relax and lie flat on your back during the operation. Vast majority of the surgery will take about 10mins, however more complex cases may take longer depending on the condition of the cataract.
After the surgery, there will be an eye patch covering the operated eye. Please ensure that you have friend or family who will be able to take you home and look after you
What happens after the surgery?
Here are some points to be mindful of following surgery:
You will have an eye patch over-night and will be prescribed medication eyedrops for about a week.
Rare required, Your dcotor will inform you when it is time for removal.
Returning home after surgery
It would be ideal to have someone (friend or family) to take you home or arrange a taxi.
Vision may seem a bit smeary following surgery or from the ointment prescribed.
Please take care not to rub on or near the surgical wound for at least 2 weeks.
Please use Chlorsig eyedrops to use 3 times during the day and ointment at night. The ointment can also be applied to the skin wound.
This is used for 1-2 weeks following surgery
Can I wash and bath normally?
It is okay to bath and shower, however, please try and keep the surgical wound dry at until the sutures are removed. During healing phase, it is best to keep the wound dry.
Exercise and swimming?
While gentle exercises are okay following surgery, it is best to avoid any strenuous exercise, sports, or heavily lifting for at least 2 weeks until the wound heals.
Swimming should be avoided until the wound heals and stitches removed.
Can I drive after the surgery?
You should be able to continue to drive following day after surgery when the patches are removed. However the ointment may make the vision blurry, thus please do take great care, or stop driving if the vision is not clear.
Can I still use makeup after the surgery?
Make-up can be worn from the day after the operation, however please avoid putting make on or close to the wound or stitches.
Is it okay to watch television or use the computer as usual?
Yes, these can continue as usual.